Defensive Driving is a set of tactics which reduces the risk of a collision on the road and aids you immensely to stay safe on roads while driving. Defensive driving tactics outdo the basic traffic laws and regulations. Also, this set of tactics positions you apart from an ordinary driver. Here is our comprehensive guide on Defensive Driving tactics which will enable you to become a defensive driver.
Among all the crashes on the roads, most of the crashes are the result of either speeding or drink and drive. Both of these factors are unacceptable negligence of the driver and there is nothing to say about it. Considering the genuine factors for a collision, below are the tactics that can aid you to prevent a possible collision.
The two basic guidelines to focus on for defensive driving are Assured Clear Distance Ahead (ACDA) and Two-Second Rules.
1) Assured Clear Distance Ahead (ACDA) –
Assured Clear Distance Ahead can be defined as the clear distance visible ahead of an automobile within which the driver of the automobile can halt the vehicle safely. In simple word, the driver of an automobile should keep the safest distance from the automobile moving ahead in front to avoid any possible rear-end collision.
2) Two- Second Rule –
The two-second rule is as simple as how it is written. The driver of a vehicle should always keep two seconds distance from the vehicle moving ahead. In imaginary representation, your vehicle should pass the reference vehicle moving ahead only after counting two seconds. It is the minimum safe trailing distance to avoid a possible rear-end collision and react to a hazard in time.
Miscellaneous Tips for Defensive Driving (Road Safety Tips)-
- The most important precaution is to keep in check the health of the vehicle. Check the functioning of important parts such as indicator lights, headlamps, taillamps, wipers condition, brakes, tyre pressure etc. We have compiled a comprehensive guide on how to avoid a Car Breakdown.
- Road conditions of the Indian roads are uncertain. Maintaining the speed below the allowed speed limit is the key to stay safe on the roads. With the increase in speed, broadness of vision decreases which results in the inability to react on the sudden entry of any other vehicles or animals from the sides of the road.
- Whenever approaching a curve on a road, decrease the speed to the extent to which you can halt the vehicle safely. It is possible to find a broken vehicle lying on the fast lane on the curve that you are approaching. Try to stay in the middle lane which offers good visibility.
- Always plan an overtake. Alert the vehicle ahead about your move. Make the overtake as quick as possible. It is not the time to think about the fuel-efficiency. 😛
- Before overtaking, observe the oncoming conditions the ahead moving vehicle might face and plan the overtake accordingly. Do not make a move until the path is clear ahead.
- Particularly on the Indian roads, be ultra-cautious on cross-roads and U-turns on the highways. It’s common to catch vehicle moving on the wrong way royally.
- Many times, vehicles from the roadside hotels/dhabas or fuel stations etc. approach the roads without taking care of the other traffic on the road. Be cautious whenever you see such hotels/dhabas or fuel stations etc. Also, most of the times, the lane near the corner of the road has gravel on it. It reduces the braking distance extensively. Avoid such situations to stay safe.
- At nights, many vehicles hit the road dividers. The observed reason for such collision is that whenever you approach a U-turn, the beam of the headlight is directly thrown at you due to the lack of the beam-obstruction usually found on the divider. This situation leads to grabbing the attention of the driver’s eye towards the headlight of the oncoming vehicle. Eventually, there is a high rate of chances that the vehicle might lean on the right side of the road and hit the divider at the start due to the lowered visibility and the driver’s attention being grabbed towards that direction. Although it usually happens with the beginner drivers, it is a must to keep in mind. To avoid such a situation and stay safe, observe the left side lane indicator as to your reference point whenever an oncoming vehicle with high beam obstructs your vision.
- Always keep in check the rearview mirror and observe the moves of the vehicle at the back.
- Always plan your move and indicate it earlier before attempting the move.
- If possible, avoid open the U-turns and look for an underpass of an overbridge to make a U-turn.
- Whenever on rural roads or oneway roads, overtake very safely. Cautiously observe the crossroads and the small roads approaching the main roads. Vehicles on such roads tend to approach the main roads without taking into the observation of other traffic moving on the road. Honk whenever necessary.
- It usually happens on Indian roads, where the roads get narrower on the go or the bridge on the road is narrower in width or the road itself gets ended. Many times, you might encounter un-indicated speed-breakers, rough road patch/potholes or un-indicated diversions. Keep all your attention on the road.
- During bad weather condition, if possible, avoid driving. If necessary to drive, limit the speed to the safest speed possible.